The Latest

THE LATEST

THE LATEST THINKING

THE LATEST THINKING

The opinions of THE LATEST’s guest contributors are their own.

Recidivism by the Numbers - Part Two

W. Scott Cole

Posted on July 20, 2018 20:19

1 user

Last week we looked at some recidivism figures from a study by the U.S. Department of Justice, Bureau of Justice Statistics. They covered all arrests and returns to prison, mostly as total numbers. This week, we will look at recidivism figures broken down into types of crimes.

The study done by the Bureau of Justice Statistics followed 404,638 inmates released from prisons in 30 states. The study conclusions were published in 2014. After discussing broad recidivism numbers, they broke the categories down into four main groups: Violent, Property, Drug and Public Order crimes. Some of the recidivism numbers may surprise you; especially the categories with the highest and lowest recidivism numbers (hint: sexual assault is not even close to the 100% politicians and the media convinced the public of 20 years ago).

At this point, let's look at numbers of released inmates that were arrested and charged with a new crime, from the highest recidivism numbers to the lowest.

At the top of the list is the Public Order crimes category, in which 58% of released inmates were rearrested within five years for another crime. Breaking those down, Other, a subcategory in which the charges were not specified, topped the list at 39.9%, followed by those for which a parole/probation violation was such that it resulted in a new charge, at 25.3%, Driving under the influence at 9.3%, and weapons charges at 9.1%.

Next is the Drug category with a total of 38.8% of released inmates charges with another crime. Broken down further, this category included Possession coming in on top at 26.8%, followed by the Other subcategory at 19.9% and Trafficking at 13.1%

Number three on the list is the Property crimes, with a total of 38.4%. Leading this category is Larceny/Motor Vehicle Theft at 21.3%, then the Other subcategory at 19.2%, Fraud and Forgery at 11.9%, and Burglary at 10.1%.

Number 4 on the list, with the lowest recidivism rates, is the Violent crimes. It has a total recidivism rate of 28.6%. Number one in this category is Assault with a 23% recidivism rate. Next is Robbery with a 5.5% rate, then the Other subcategory at 4%, Rape/ Sexual Assault at 1.7% and Homicide at only .9%.

These were the rearrest rates at five years after release in which the arrest resulted in new charges. As you can see, the type of crime has as much an impact on rearrest for another crime as age at the time of release.

The violent crimes are by far the most heinous kinds of crimes that anyone can commit and it is easy to understand why someone who has spent years in prison for a conviction of a violent crime would not want to commit another one, especially murder or sexual assault which has the lowest rate of all crimes.

On the other hand, a person spending time in prison for drug possession has the greatest chance of going back to prison for possession of some kind of drug.

To me these numbers tell their own story. Treatment programs have lowered the rates for some of these crimes, at least for those who wanted the treatment, but more could be done to help the drug addicts, just for starters, both in and out of prison.

W. Scott Cole

Posted on July 20, 2018 20:19

Comments

comments powered by Disqus
THE LATEST THINKING

Webisode

Meet Tammie Wilson, Director of Administration at THE LATEST

Video Site Tour

The Latest
The Latest

Subscribe to THE LATEST Newsletter.

The Latest
The Latest

Share this TLT through...

The Latest