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  • Americans hold a Nazi rally in Madison Square Garden

    February 20, 2019 17:14

    Six and a half months before Adolf Hitler invaded Poland, New York City?s Madison Square Garden hosted a rally to celebrate the rise of Nazism in Germany. Inside, more than 20,000 attendees raised Nazi salutes toward a 30-foot-tall portrait of George Washington flanked by swastikas. Outside, police attacked New Yorkers, 100,000 of whom had gathered to protest the rally.

    The organization behind the February 20, 1939 event?advertised on the arena?s marquee as a ?Pro American Rally??was the German American Bund (?Bund? is German for ?federation?). The anti-semitic organization held Nazi summer camps for youth and their families during the 1930s. The Bund?s youth members were present that night, as were the Ordnungsdienst, or OD, the group?s vigilante police force who dressed in the style of Hitler?s SS officers.

    Banners at the rally had messages like ?Stop Jewish Domination of Christian Americans? and ?Wake Up America. Smash Jewish Communism.? When the Bund?s national leader, Fritz Kuhn, gave his closing speech, he referred to President Franklin Delano Roosevelt as ?Rosenfield,? and Manhattan District Attorney Thomas Dewey as ?Thomas Jewey.?

    ?We, with American ideals, demand that our government shall be returned to the American people who founded it,? declared Kuhn, a naturalized American who lost his citizenship during World War II. ?If you ask what we are actively fighting for under our charter: First, a socially just, white, Gentile-ruled United States. Second, Gentile-controlled labor unions, free from Jewish Moscow-directed domination.?

    Kuhn?s speech was interrupted by a Jewish-American man named Isadore Greenbaum who charged the stage in protest. Police and the vigilante force quickly tackled him, and proceeded to beat him up on stage. The crowd cheered as they threw him off stage, pulling his pants down in the process. Police charged Greenbaum with disorderly conduct and gave him a $25 fine, about $450 in 2019 dollars.

    At the time the rally took place, Hitler was completing his sixth concentration camp; and protesters?many of them Jewish Americans?called attention to the fact that what was happening in Germany could happen in the U.S. ?Don?t wait for the concentration camps?Act now!? proclaimed fliers advertising the protest. Outside the rally, people carried signs with messages like ?Smash Anti-Semitism? and ?Give me a gas mask, I can?t stand the smell of Nazis.?

    Police responded to the protesters with violent attacks. In one instance, a protester escaped a mounted police officer who?d grabbed him by punching his horse in the face. As the rally broke up that night, some protesters were able to slip by police and punch departing Nazis in the face.

Horoscope

  • Aries (Mar 21 - Apr 19)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Your connection with others is especially strong today, Aries. You will enjoy an important nurturing role. Reconnect... Read more
  • Taurus (Apr 20 - May 20)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 You might feel especially playful today, Taurus. You can expect to feel a great deal of love and affection from others.... Read more
  • Gemini (May 21 - June 20)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 The bizarre nature of the day may leave you feeling a bit bewildered, Gemini. Don't sweat it. Focus on your romantic... Read more
  • Leo (July 23 - Aug 22)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Annoyances of daily life may rub you the wrong way today, Leo. Other people's strong opinions and odd quirks may be... Read more
  • Virgo (Aug 23 - Sept 22)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Be open and honest about your feelings toward others today, Virgo. Your receptive nature should be ready. Take a break... Read more
  • Libra (Sept 23 - Oct 22)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Your heart beats extra strong today, Libra, but it may not seem like anyone knows it but you. You may feel like you... Read more
  • Scorpio (Oct 23 - Nov 21)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 This is a fantastic day for you, Scorpio. Join close friends and share a night on the town and fine meal. This is a... Read more
  • Capricorn (Dec 22 - Jan 19)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 You will enjoy a great deal of affection from others today, Capricorn. You radiate an air of love and beauty. Love will... Read more
  • Aquarius (Jan 20 - Feb 18)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Your heart may be especially sensitive today, Aquarius. You may feel a bit vulnerable. Your romantic nature is... Read more
  • Pisces (Feb 19 - Mar 20)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 All aspects of love and romance will go especially well today, Pisces. You might take this opportunity to make a bold... Read more
  • Cancer (June 21 - July 22)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 You will be in an especially affectionate and loving mood today, Cancer. Your romantic nature is heightened and your... Read more
  • Sagittarius (Nov 22 - Dec 21)

    February 16, 2017 08:06 Your warm, sensitive nature is perfectly suited to today's aspects, Sagittarius. Your emotional energy is strongly tied... Read more

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